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 We’re finally here! Week One. Dun…dun…DUN.

Nah, there’s no chicken feet or eye of newt or even anything weird going on. We’ll ease into that stuff. ::grin::

This week’s Baby Step is Unrefined Salt.

Replace your processed salt with unrefined salt. By now, most of us are aware that processed foods are not healthy. Salt is no exception. The unprocessed – or unrefined – salt that retains its original mineral profile is considered a whole food.

Processed foods are bad for us partly because their original nutrient balance is skewed. That contributes to  imbalances within our bodies.

This will be an easy change to make at home. Buy unrefined salts and use it in place of your old iodized table salt, kosher salt, or pearly white sea salt.

The salt pictured above is dull gray due to the mineral content. As a rule, no color means no minerals.

Voila! Baby Step # 1 complete…almost.

The difficult part will be avoiding processed salt in convenience foods. There is no need to cut out all your favorite processed foods this week, but we will begin to pare them back with each Baby Step.

You can either substitute with better choices or completely avoid the processed foods high in sodium.

At home, feel free to salt your food to taste unless you have a condition that requires you to restrict sodium like hypertension (high blood pressure).

If hypertension is an issue, we’ll discuss what steps you can take to rebalance certain essential nutrients and begin to moderate or eliminate it. Yay, right?

Make the commitment

Did you just panic about not being able to eat salty snacks or feel like you’re already going to fail step 1? Don’t worry! Take it slow. You will actually reduce or eliminate your monster salt cravings by providing the balance of nutrients that it is starving for.

You are here for a reason. Gather your strength and make the commitment to yourself to MAKE A CHANGE!

Salt Flat in Bolivia

 You want facts? I got yer facts.

Sodium, a necessary nutrient

Sodium is essential to life, so why are all the ‘experts’ trying to get you to stop eating it? Let’s explore the topic a bit.

Benefits of Unrefined Salt

Unrefined salt has a varied and balanced nutrient profile. Here is the composition of Celtic Sea Salt1:

Celtic Sea Salt® Brand
Light Grey Celtic®

Bromide 0.024100%
Calcium 0.190000%
Chloride 53.750000%
Copper 0.000004%
Fluoride 0.000560%
Iron 0.003510%
Magnesium 0.460000%
Phosphorus 0.000008%
Potassium 0.120000%
Sodium 32.890000%
Strontium 0.005700%
Sulfate 1.040000%
Zinc 0.000106%

pH (10% solution) 8.55

Different batches and brands of unrefined salt will have different mineral compositions, but they all have a varied mineral profile unlike refined salt. Try different brands and use what tastes the best. Trust your taste buds to tell you which one your body prefers.

If you have trouble sourcing unrefined salt locally, you can find it online here. (affiliate link)

Sea salt in general is considered very alkaline (non-acidic), and the most alkalizing substance we can ingest according to some. This is important, because many people have an acidic pH level due to poor diet and poor elimination pathways.

An acidic body is detrimental to health and a main contributor to many diseases.

We’ll work our way out of that condition one Baby Step at a time!

Studies

There are two studies that seem to be the main source for the advice we receive for and against salt intake.

The DASH study is well-controlled and very well done. I’m glad we have access to read the report, because it changed my recommendations on sodium intake and made clear how to balance a particular set of nutrients.

This study measured two groups, one who ate more of a typical SAD (Standard American Diet) and the other who followed the DASH diet. The DASH diet was the ‘healthy’ one and included a good selection for fresh produce.

These participants were given 3 stages of sodium intake – high, moderate, then low – with the results of their vitals measured through each stage.

As you would think, the SAD/high sodium group had the most disturbing health symptoms and the DASH/low sodium group the most favorable.

The researchers observed that either the lowered sodium increased the effectiveness of potassium [in the diet] or the increased potassium and calcium lowered the sodium content. Since they weren’t sure, they thought both a decrease in sodium and an increase in potassium, magnesium, and calcium were the answer.

I say bravo to the basic idea they were trying to get at. Balanced nutrients. Processed foods – including refined salt – throw off that balance.

The recommendations for low-fat dairy and a reduction in saturated fat make me sigh, but these recommendations have been based on commercially-raised, grain-fed cows. I’ll cut them some slack on that one.

The JAMA study instead focused on a test that measured the sodium levels in the participant’s urine to see if it contributed to overall cardiovascular health. The participants filled out health questionnaires and completed 24 urine tests for analysis.

Comparing it to the previous study, it is not well-controlled. There are too many unknown factors that could cause their overall health results.

I do think the study has merit. To know that statin drugs are extremely harmful to health and bone broth has amazing healing powers does not require a controlled, double-blind study in my mind. I can use my personal experience to do so.

On the other hand, reading about studies of unknown people doesn’t give me the same luxury. I can’t observe or ask any questions about the people who participated as test subjects.

If someone was on a vegan low-salt diet, that has a completely different spin that someone who eats as an omnivore (meat & plants). They have access to different nutrient profiles.

The JAMA study concludes that very low body sodium levels are detrimental to cardiovascular health.

This is where a lot of the uproar came from in the alternative health community about the government salt recommendations being dangerously low. Even with flaws and without additional participant details, I can buy that.

Our bodies reflect the ocean and are made up of mainly saltwater. We just need to get them in balance.

Iodine

A brief note on iodine. Iodine is another nutrient that is essential to health and is preferably sourced from whole foods. Some great options are seaweed and seafood, not industrially-processed iodine added to industrially-processed salt. Again, it’s a question of balance and processing.

Read more about iodine here.

Refined Salt

The vast majority of people eat an industrially-processed salt that has been stripped of all but one mineral and no longer resembles food. Refined salt is composed of pure sodium chloride (NaCl) and chemical additives from the refining process or as an anti-caking agent so it ‘flows like rain’.

“Only 7% of salt goes for food; the other 93% goes to industry. Industry requires chemically pure sodium chloride for manufacture of explosives, chlorine gas, soda, fertilizers and plastics. In effect, table salt represents a “cheap” production overrun.” 2

Just another example of how we are the ones who need to protect our health and that of our children.

To minimize eating parts for explosives, do some research on the foods you eat. If you don’t cook your meals from scratch, check the nutrition labels of packaged foods you buy for the sodium content. Only choose those low in sodium and preferably ones that contain sea salt. I have yet to find any with unrefined mineral-rich salt.

Dangers of Excess Sodium

We have all heard of the dangers of eating too much salt. It’s been drilled into us for many years and can be revisited at any yearly visit with your local MD; I won’t rehash it.

I never quite knew the mechanism of why too much sodium is bad until recently. Since I found it uber interesting, I’m sharing the love.

Sodium attracts water. If there is a high concentration of sodium in the bloodstream, it draws water out of cells and leaves them dehydrated. Now you know why you get so thirsty after a salty snack.

Extra water in the bloodstream = water retention.

All of those water molecules stick to the sodium molecule and end up puffing you up like the Michelin Man. The extra water plus sodium increases blood volume, meaning you now have more blood in your circulatory system.

That extra blood creates pressure on the veins and arteries and is what we call high blood pressure. Cool stuff for us food geeks.

Reduce High Blood Pressure Caused by High Tissue Sodium Levels

Let’s get that sodium level down to a safe level. Here are some easy ways to start working on it:

  • Drink more water
  • begin or increase bone broth intake (future Baby Step)
  • increase other potassium, calcium, and magnesium-rich foods: soured/fermented or sprouted seeds and nuts plus fresh fruit and vegetables; juicing vegetables provides better availability nutrients for those with compromised digestion
  • increase magnesium intake though magnesium oil and magnesium chloride baths and/or Epsom salt baths; the type of magnesium in Epsom salt is thought to not be as effective as mag. chloride because it is not retained by the body

Further Readings

This post does not cover salt from A-Z, or it would become an even longer snooze fest for many of you. Read more in the following articles:

  1. A Pillar of Salt by John Barron
  2. Sodium and Salt-Eating by Lawrence Wilson, MD
  3. Sensationalism and Salt: JAMA Study Has Many Flaws
  4. Dr. Recommended Sea Salt

Cited Sources

1 Celtic Sea Salt Brand Partial Analysis
2 A Pillar of Salt by John Barron

Disclaimer

Photo credit: 1 Jennifer Nervo @ 20somethingallergies.com, 2 luvpreloved

This post is part of Monday Mania, The Morristribe’s Homesteader Blog Carnival, Fat Tuesday, Homestead Revival Barn Hop, Teach Me Tuesday, Small Footprint Fridays

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